Skip to main content

Author: Ann-Louise Karlsson Ploug

The Catacombs in Alexandria

The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa in Alexandria, Egypt, are an intricate network of ancient underground burial chambers dating back to the 2nd century AD. Reflecting a blend of Egyptian, Greek, and Roman influences, these catacombs hold historical significance as a testament to the multicultural nature of the city during antiquity. The catacombs feature elaborately decorated tombs, sculptural reliefs, and a fusion of architectural styles. With their unique design and cross-cultural elements, the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa offer a captivating glimpse into Alexandria’s rich history and the diverse traditions that once converged in this cosmopolitan center.

The Red Pyramid of Dashur in Egypt

Red Pyramid, Dashur, Necropolis, Egypt – July 19, 2022: The Red Pyramid, also called the North Pyramid, is the largest of the pyramids located at the Dahshur necropolis in Cairo, Egypt. It was the third pyramid built by Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu, and was built 2575–2551 BCE. Named for the rusty reddish hue of its red limestone stones, it is also the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those of Khufu and Khafre at Giza. It is also believed to be Egypt’s first successful attempt at constructing a “true” smooth-sided pyramid. Local residents refer to the Red Pyramid as el-heram el-watwaat, meaning the Bat Pyramid. The Red Pyramid was not always red. It used to be cased with white Tura limestone, but only a few of these stones now remain at the pyramid’s base, at the corner. During the Middle Ages much of the white Tura limestone was taken for buildings in Cairo, revealing the red limestone beneath.