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About Egypt

Get some knowledge of Egypt before your travels.

Egypt is the country where it all began.

Egypt’s unique culture has fascinated the rest of the world for millennia. Temples and pyramids still stand as monuments to the men who ruled Egypt for more than 3000 years.

Egypt as a country.

Full country name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Area: 1 million sq km

Population: 82 million

Capital City: Cairo, 20 million

People: (99% Egyptians, Berbers, Bedouin), (1% Haematic Arabs and Nubians + Europeans)

Language: Arabic ,English

Religion: 94% Muslim, 6% Coptic Christian

Government: Republic

Head of State: President Abdul Fatah al-Sisi

The culture of Egypt.

The culture of Egypt has thousands of years of recorded history. Ancient Egypt was among the earliest civilizations. For millennia, Egypt maintained a strikingly unique, complex and stable culture that influenced later cultures of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. After the Pharaonic era, Egypt itself came under the influence of Hellenism, for a time Christianity and later, Islamic culture.

Egypts great monuments.

The pyramids and the temples are the first thing coming to ones mind, thinking of Egypt. And for good reasons. Not many ancient monuments are still as weel preserved as the ones in Egypt.

Artefacts of ancient Egypt.

In 1922 the biggest and most famous artefacts was discovered, when Howard Carter found the tomb of the young king Tutankhamon. Such an enormous treasure was not seen before. So many artefacts was never seen before. Most of them are to be find in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo

The history of Egypt and it’s cities.

Egypt has among the longest histories of any modern country, emerging as one of the world’s first nation states in the tenth millennium BC. Considered a cradle of cicilization, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest worldwide. Egypt’s rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and at times assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European. One of the earliest centres of Christianity, Egypt was Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, but stillwith a significant Christian minority.

Egyptian Cities

  • Cairo
    • Cairo Tower
    • El Mokkattam Mountain
  • Giza
  • Luxor
    • West Bank
    • Thebes/City of the Dead
  • Aswan
  • Alexandria
    • Egypts Mediterranian Coast
  • Hurghada
  • Marsa Alam
  • El Gouna
  • Sharm El Sheik
  • Memphis
  • Saqqara
  • Dashur

Egyptian History

  • Dynasties
  • Mamluks
  • Osmans
  • Kingdom
  • Republic
  • Revolution

Egyptian Sites

  • Temples
    • Karnak Temple
    • Luxor Temple
    • Valley Temple
    • Collossi of Memnon
    • Edfu
    • Kom Ombo
    • Philae
    • Abu Simbel
    • Kalabsha
    • Dendera
    • Abydos – The Temple of Seri. Build ca. 1279 BC. Was constructed by Seti I and his son, Ramses II
    • The lost temples in Nasser Lake
      The Rock Temple of Gyrshe
  • Tombs
    • Pyramids
      • The Step Pyramid
        • Mastaba
      • The Meidum Pyramid
      • The Bent Pyramid
      • The Red Pyramid
      • The Great Pyramid/The Pyramid of Cheops/The Pyramid of Khufu
      • The Pyramid of Chephren
      • Sphinx
      • Pyramid Sound & Light Show
    • Valley Chambers
      • Valley of the Kings
      • Valley of the Queens
      • Valley of the Nobles
      • Valley of the Artisans
    • Catacombs
      • Roman Catacombs
  • Museums
    • Egyptian Museum
      • Egyptian Collection
      • Roman Collection
      • Mummies
      • Egypt Kings
      • Pharaonic Furnishing
    • The Grand Egyptian Museum
    • Luxor Museum
    • Mummification Museum
    • Textile Museum
    • Museum of Islamic Art
    • Gayer Andersson
    • Howard Carters House
  • Coptic Cairo
    • Coptic Churces
      • The Hanging Church
      • Abu Serga
      • Ben Ezra
    • Coptic Museum
  • Old Cairo
  • Islamic Cairo –
    • Mosques
      • Alabaster Mosque
      • Citadel
      • Ibn Touloun
  • Khan El Khalili
  • Old Roman Fortress
  • Pompey’s Pillar

The Dynasties

  • Old Kingdom
    • 1st Dynasty
    • Narmer Ca 3000 BC
    • 3rd Dynasty
    • Djoser/Zozer/Netjerikhet
    • Cheops
    • Chepren
    • Menkaure
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom
    • Amenhotep III
    • Tutmosis
    • Hatshepsut
    • 18th Dynasty
      • Akhenaton/Amenhotep IV
      • Tut Ank Amon
    • 19th Dynasty
      • Seti 1
      • Seti 2
      • Ramses 2
        20th Dynasty
      • Ramses III
      • Alexander the Great

Religion in Egypt

  • Egyptian Mythology – Polytheism
    • Amun – God of the air. King of the gods and father of the pharaohs. He eventually merged with Ra, the ancient sun god, to become Amun-Ra.
    • Osiris – God of the dead. Son and oldest child of Geb and Nut. Husband and brother of Isis. Brother of Seth and Nephtys. Father of Horus
    • Isis (Aset) – Goddess of healing and magic, death, rebirth, fertility, women, mothers and children. Sister of Nephtys. Wife and sister of Osiris. Mother of Horus
    • Horus – God of the sky and of the living pharaoh. Son of Osiris and Isis. Husband of Hathor.
    • Hathor – Goddess of love, music, beauty, dancing, fertility and joy. Daughter of Ra. Wife of Horus. Her center of worship was Dendera. Every year, her statue would be carried in a boat to Edfu to be reunited with Horus.
    • Seth – God of storms, chaos, evil, darkness, war
    • Re – God of the Sun
    • Ptah – God of artists, craftsmen and the Creation
    • Nephtys – Goddess of the air. Daughter of Geb and Nut and the sister of Isis. Wife And sister of Seth. Mother of Anubis
    • Anubis – God of mummyimbalming
    • Thoth (Djehuty – He who was like Ibis) – God of the moon, sacred texts, mathematics, the scuens, magic, messenger and recorder of the deities, master of knowledge, and patron of scribes.
    • Bes – Protector of households, mothers, children and childbirth
    • Min – God of fertility and harvest
    • Nut – Goddess of the Sky
    • Bastet – Goddess of the Sun and war
    • Geb – God of the Earth
    • Since the Egyptians believed in the concept of Ma’at, which meant order, peace and balance, death was regarded as importantly as life. Therefore, Anubis was a major part of the transition from life to death and back to life again.
  • Atenism – Monotheism
  • Coptism
    • Coptic Christians
  • Judes
  • Islam
    • Mosque

Egyptian Nature

  • The River Nile
    • Felucca
  • Animals
    • Camels
  • Plants
    • Lotus – The Lotus Symbol was one of the most important religious Egyptian Symbols in the mythology of ancient Egypt. The Lotus is used as a symbol in ancient Egyptian art representing the sun, of creation, rebirth and was a symbol of Upper Egypt. As a symbol of the sun it is closely associated with Atum-Ra, the Sun god and later with Nefertum, lotus god of perfume.  Lotus flowers, also called water lilies, open in the morning and close again at night symbolizing rebirth and regeneration. The lotus flower, water lily, was also used to symbolize the deceased upon entering the underworld and the process of rebirth, regeneration and reincarnation.
  • Papyrus
    • Sugarcane

Egypt Today

  • Food
    • Traditional Egyptian Dinner